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Lesson 14 - Past Habitual Tense & अपना

This lesson will teach you how to talk about things that used to happen in the past. You will also learn how to use the possessive pronoun अपना.

The past habitual tense in Hindi is very similar to the present habitual tense (see Lesson 3). The only difference is that in present habitual tense, you add the present form of होना to the end, while in the past habitual tense, you add the past form of होना to the end. The table below conjugates the verb जाना into past habitual tense.

MasculineFeminine
I used to goमैं जाता थामैं जाती थी
you used to go (informal)तू जाता थातू जाती थी
you used to goतुम जाते थेतुम जाती थी
you used to go (formal)आप जाते थेआप जाती थीं
he, she, it used to goवह जाता थावह जाती थी
we used to goहम जाते थेहम जाती थीं
they used to goवे जाते थेवे जाती थीं

The Possessive Pronoun अपना

Possessive pronouns (sometimes called possessive adjectives) are words like my - मेरा, your - आपका, and his - उसका. In Hindi, when the subject of a sentence is also what is possessive of a different noun, a special possessive pronoun is used - अपना. This possessive pronoun will follow the same inflection rules as the others you have learned.

I will give you my book. - मैं आपको अपनी किताब दूँगा।

She thinks about her brother a lot. - वह अपने भाई के बारे में बहुत सोचती है।

Give me your pen. - मुझे अपना क़लम दो।

Vocabulary

every dayरोज़to live, to remain, to stayरहना
parkपार्क

Examples

I used to go to the store every day.
मैं रोज़ दुकान जाता था।

She used to want to live in India.
वह भारत में रहना चाहती थी।

I used to play in that park.
मैं उस पार्क में खेलता था।

Tell me your name.
मुझे अपना नाम बताइये।

Eat your own food.
अपना खाना खाइये।