This lesson will teach you how to talk about things that were happening in the past. Also a common use of infinitives will be explained.
The past continuous tense in Hindi is very similar to the present continuous tense. To make a verb past continuous tense, start with the root of the verb, add the correct form of रहा, then add the correct form of था. The table below shows the verb जाना conjugated in the past continuous tense.
|I was going||मैं जा रहा था||मैं जा रही थी|
|you were going (informal)||तू जा रहा था||तू जा रही थी|
|you were going||तुम जा रहे थे||तुम जा रही थीं|
|you were going (formal)||आप जा रहे थे||आप जा रही थीं|
|he, she, it was going||वह जा रहा था||वह जा रही थी|
|we were going||हम जा रहे थे||हम जा रही थीं|
|they were going||वे जा रहे थे||वे जा रही थीं|
In English, an infinitive is to plus a verb (eg., to run, to eat). In Hindi, an infinitive is the form of the verb that ends in ना. This is the form given in the vocabulary sections. Suppose you want to say I want to go home or I want to speak Hindi. To say these in Hindi, just use the infinitive form of the verb, as in English.
I want to go home. - मैं घर जाना चाहता हूँ।
I want to speak Hindi. - मैं हिंदी बोलना चाहता हूँ।
When followed by a postposition, an infinitive will inflect.
after learning - सीखने के बाद
in (while) coming - आने में
for buying (in order to buy) - ख़रीदने के लिये
When showing a purpose as in that last example, के लिये may be omitted.
I am going to the store to buy food. - मैं खाना ख़रीदने दुकान जा रहा हूँ।
|about||के बारे में||to learn||सीखना|
I was thinking about you.
मैं आपके बारे में सोच रहा था।
He was studying (reading) Hindi yesterday.
कल वह हिंदी पढ़ रहा था।
I was making food in your room.
मैं आपके कमरे में खाना बना रहा था।
I will learn to speak Hindi.
मैं हिंदी बोलना सीखूँगा।
Learning Hindi is easy.
हिंदी सीखना आसान है।
Teach me to make (cook) food.
मुझे खाना बनाना सिखाइये।
I will go to India to learn Hindi.
मैं हिंदी सीखने भारत में जाऊँगा।
They will make food for us after arriving home.
वे घर पहुँचने के बाद हमारे लिये खाना बनाएँगे।