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Personal Pronouns

In this lesson, you will learn the personal pronouns and what or who they are used for.

Personal Pronouns

YouतूYouतुम, आप
he, she, itयह, वहTheyये, वे

These personal pronouns are all the same for both male and female subjects.

Why two forms of plural you?

In modern English, you is the only word for second person, singular or plural. In Hindi, तू is singular and is only used for close friends or a child. तुम is plural. It is used for friends or children. You can use it for addressing only one person as well, even though it is plural; this shows respect. आप is plural and is the default word that will be used much more than the other two. When addressing strangers or the elderly, always use आप.

Why two forms of plural he/she/it and they?

In English there is a distinction in third person pronouns according to gender (he vs. she). In Hindi the distinction is proximity to the speaker. If you are speaking of either a male or female or object that is next to you, then you use यह. If the person or object being talked about is distant, then you use वह. Since these two pronouns can also be used for inanimate objects, it may be helpful to consider the meaning of यह to be this and the meaning of वह to be that. These singular third person pronouns are not pronounced the way they are read. वह should be pronounced as वो (as it is sometimes spelled), and यह should be pronounced ये (spelled and pronounced the same way as the plural). You should note that sometimes the singular वह is used as if it is plural.